The Basics: Understanding Diabetes

Content by: NCES, Inc.

Understanding the basics of diabetes and the impact of hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia on the way a person feels.

The Basics:  Understanding Diabetes


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Hyperglycemia is when there is too much glucose in your blood. Signs include: blurry vision, difficult concentrating, frequent urination, and headaches. Hypoglycemia is when your blood sugar is too low. This can be very dangerous and should be treated right away. If not treated properly, diabetes can cause various complications such as: nerve damage, blood vessel damage, skin infections, and blindness.

Steps for Managing Blood Glucose:
1. Check your blood glucose daily and keep a record of it to see patterns.
2. Carb counting is important in managing your blood glucose.
3. If your doctor has prescribed medications, it’s important to take the right amount at the right.
time each day. Setting an alarm reminder is helpful!
4. Get active! Physical activity can help manage your diabetes and lower your blood glucose.
5. Did you know that sugar sweetened drinks like soda, lemonade, and sweet tea increase insulin
resistance? Choose water, sugar-free drinks, and plain tea instead!

Tip of the day!
A healthy weight is important in controlling diabetes. Did you know that losing just 5 pounds can help?

Don’t forget about your heart!
Limit your daily sodium intake to 2300mg to keep your heart and body healthy! Read the label of a
favorite food to see how much sodium it has.

Think about the Season, when choosing a nutrient dense diet with fresh choices!

Eat for the Seasons!

Physical activity is great for your heart and mind! Seniors can be healthier and feel better.

Get Moving! For Seniors

You’ve heard it before. Yes, breakfast is still the most important meal of the day! Whether you start your day at 7:00 a.m. or 11:00 a.m., you need to fuel your body and jump-start your day.

Mealtime Mania: Make time for Breakfast!