Diabetes Coaching: A General Flow Chart

Content by: NCES, Inc.

Diabetes coaching requires consistent education and communication. See a general flow chart for coaching persons with diabetes.

Diabetes Coaching:  A General Flow Chart


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When starting from scratch, diabetes education can often be a daunting and overwhelming task. Diabetes coaching requires consistent education and communication. See a general flow chart with essential education points so you don’t miss a beat.

Consistent education and reinforcement of steps is necessary for persons with diabetes. It's a complicated disease, and even when someone has managed well, it's often necessary to get back to the basics.

Coaching Steps!

Step One: Review the most recent lab values and A1C test.

Step Two: Education on the overview of (Type 1 or 2) Diabetes, and any other underlying conditions.

Step Three: The importance of monitoring blood glucose levels, and how food can affect these levels.

Step Four: Education on carbohydrates, and how to consume a consistent carb diet.

Step Five: Grocery shopping for a diabetic diet, reading nutrition fact labels.

Step Six: Discuss eating out and alcohol intake with diabetes.

Step Seven: Discuss complications of unmanaged diabetes. Understanding foot care, heart health, hypertension.

Step Eight: Problem solving, how to handle hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia.

Helpful Resources:

Offer a plate to help with portion control:

Understanding the exchange system (or carb content in common foods):

Glucose wands offer a visual for clients understand the effects of high glucose levels on the body:

Think about the Season, when choosing a nutrient dense diet with fresh choices!

Eat for the Seasons!

Physical activity is great for your heart and mind! Seniors can be healthier and feel better.

Get Moving! For Seniors

You’ve heard it before. Yes, breakfast is still the most important meal of the day! Whether you start your day at 7:00 a.m. or 11:00 a.m., you need to fuel your body and jump-start your day.

Mealtime Mania: Make time for Breakfast!